https://www.gurupendidikan.co.id/, have you ever heard the term text editorial ? If you often read a newspaper such as a magazine or newspaper, in the newspaper usually a lot of news that contains a collection of facts and information that is useful for you. But in addition to news, usually in the newspaper also presents other columns that contain opinions or opinions written by the editor in chief. Now the column containing the opinions or opinions of the editor in chief is called the editorial text .
Are you still confused with editorial texts ? if you are still confused, see Understanding Editorial Text, Objectives, Structure, Functions, Benefits, and Examples of Complete Editorial Text below.
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Definition of Editorial Text
Editorial text is an article in a newspaper which is the editor's opinion or view of an actual event or is being a hot topic at the time the newspaper is published. The actual issue or problem can be in the form of political, social or economic problems related to politics. Examples of issues raised include the increase in fuel, cabinet reshuffles, import policies, etc. Editorial texts will usually appear regularly in newspapers or magazines.
Editorial texts are opinions or opinions written by the editors of a media on actual issues in society. The opinion written by the editor is considered as the official view of a publisher or media on an actual issue.
Although the editorial text is an opinion or opinion, but in writing it can not be arbitrary. Writing opinions or opinions must be accompanied by facts, evidence and logical arguments.
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- According to Dja'far H Assegaf in his book "journalism today" quoted from Lyle Spencer in "editorial writing" , the editorial is a statement of facts and opinions in a concise, logical, interesting manner in terms of writing and aims to influence opinions or provide interpretations to a story that stands out in such a way that for most readers of the newspaper will listen to the importance of the meaning of the news presented earlier (Dja'far H. Assegaff: 1991).
Purpose of Editorial Text
There are at least 2 main objectives of the editorial text:
- Editorial text aims to invite readers to join in thinking about the actual issues that are hotly discussed or are happening in the life around.
- Editorial text aims to provide opinions or editor's views to the reader on developing issues.
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Benefits of Editorial Text
- Provide information to the reader
- Useful to stimulate the thinking of readers
- Editorial texts are sometimes able to move the reader to action.
Editorial Text Function
Editorial text has several functions including, as follows:
- The editorial function generally explains the news and its effects on the community.
- Give background of the news's relation with social reality and influencing factors more comprehensively.
- Sometimes there is a condition analysis that serves to prepare the community for the possibilities that can occur.
- Forward the moral assessment of the news.
Characteristics of Editorial Text:
- The topic of editorial texts is always hot (developing and widely discussed by the public), is actual and factual.
- Editorial texts are systematic and logical.
- Editorial text is an opinion / opinion that is argumentative.
- Editorial texts are interesting to read, because they are written using short, concise and clear sentences.
Editorial Text Structure
There are 3 structures that make up the editorial / opinion text, namely:
- The statement of opinion (thesis), the part that contains the author's point of view about the problem discussed, usually contains a theory that will be strengthened by the argument.
- Argumentation, is the reason or evidence used to strengthen the statement in the thesis. The arguments provided can be in the form of general questions / research data, statements of experts, as well as facts based on reliable references.
- Statement / Reiteration (Reiteration), is a part that contains a reaffirmation of opinion supported by facts in the argumentation section to strengthen / confirm. Reaffirmation at the end of the text.
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Editorial Text Language Rules
The linguistic rules used in editorial technology are not much different from the complex procedure texts using material verbs.
- Adverb, aims to make the reader believe the text discussed using adverbs such as always, often, usually, sometimes, rarely and so on.
- Conjunction is a conjunctions in the text, like even and so forth.
- Material verbs are verbs that show physical actions or events.
- Rational verbs are verbs that show the relationship of intensity (Understanding B is C) and belonging (Containing understanding B has C)
- Mental verb is a verb that shows perception (seeing, etc.), affection (worry and others), and cognition (understanding and others). In mental verbs there are partitions [am senses and phenomena.
Editorial Text Types
- Editorial interpretation , this editorial aims to explain the issue by presenting facts and figures to provide knowledge.
- Controversial editorial , editorial aims to convince readers of the desire or foster reader confidence in an issue. In this editorial the opposite opinion will usually be described worse.
- Editorial explanatory , this editorial presents a problem or an issue to be assessed by the reader. Usually this editorial text aims to identify a problem and open the eyes of the public to pay attention to an issue.
Examples of Editorial Texts in Newspapers
Lampung Post Editorial Team 09 Aug 2018 - 1:30 199
AVAILABLE the umbrella before it rains, became an expression taught by the ancestors and became a benchmark for anticipating every problem that would come. For this reason, the government echoes mitigation programs for each disaster-prone area.
It is fitting for the government to put in place various prevention, preparedness, early warning, anticipation and mitigation efforts as well as disaster management. Law No. 24/2007 on Disaster Management, Article 5 states that the government and regional governments are responsible for the implementation of disaster management.
The government preparedness and mitigation benchmarks are reflected in the earthquake twice in North Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara (NTB). The first earthquake occurred on July 28, 2018 with a magnitude of 6.4 on the Richter scale (SR) and there were no fatalities. In addition, there was also no tsunami along the coast of North Lombok.
And a week later, on August 5, 2018 the earthquake again shook North Lombok, when residents were performing evening prayers. This time the earthquake was more powerful, namely 7 SR. Even though there was no tsunami, there were many casualties. Hundreds of residents died from building debris during the earthquake.
The National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) notes that most of the victims died from collapsing buildings. While the Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) theorized that the first earthquake was a prelude, while the main earthquake or main earthquake was on August 5 with a magnitude of 7 SR. Furthermore, aftershocks with relatively smaller strength.
If examined from the explanation of two government agencies that are trusted to deal with the disaster, it means that there have been predictions that North Lombok is an earthquake-prone area. Because, the area is above the earth's plate fault, so far away it should be able to do disaster mitigation.
The definition of mitigation itself in accordance with Law 24/2007 is an effort to reduce disaster risk for people who are in disaster prone areas. That means that in the North Lombok area the efforts should have been made, at least socialization to the community in the face of an earthquake. Socialization of anti-earthquake building construction and evacuation routes has been prepared.
Now Lampung is also an earthquake prone area, related to the position of Bumi Ruwa Jurai on the Eurasian and Indo-Australian plate faults. So that there will be a threat of casualties, if the government fails to provide mitigation before the disaster comes, suffering for many people will be a tragic scene that can not be avoided anymore.
Do not let the result of lack of mitigation, the coming disaster will take many victims. Especially if mitigation and disaster management are only used as projects. So, the victim who was very injured actually screamed even more in it. Mitigation before a disaster strikes is a must.